Lyme Disease Basics | Symptoms – Stages – & More


Lyme disease (or Borreliosis) is a complicated, systemic disease, resulting in a cascade of symptoms, caused by the Borrelia Bacteria.

If you’ve arrived at this page you either have Lyme, know someone with Lyme or think you may have it. I’m glad you’re here… please keep reading!

Lyme is one of the most complicated diseases, as the bacteria have free range throughout the body: they cross the blood brain barrier, they love to live in the nervous system, their spirochete body form allows them to drill into connective tissues like bones, joints and muscles, and their intelligence allows them to utilize the host’s own immune system to their benefit!

But did you know that almost everyone has some Borrelia Spirochetes in them, just like almost everyone has the inactive Epstein Bar virus? Spirochetes are at the root of Alzheimers, M.S, arthritis and other neurodegenerative diseases!

Many people have heard about the popular Borrelia Burgdorferi, but this is just one species of the Borrelia family that make humans sick. Each species should therefore be of concern!​

  • In 2005 there were 12 species ​
  • In 2011 there were 18 ​
  • By 2015 there were 20 species​

To add to the complexity of the Infectious Borrelia organisms, each species has subspecies and the subspecies have strains! As you can tell, we are not just dealing with one little bug. We are dealing with a number of different organisms that are in the same family but contain slightly different genetic mutations.

Why is this important?

…Because this is one of the techniques that make Lyme Disease so hard to diagnose and treat! Borrelia organisms use a host of advanced tactics to evade the immune system, or anything that would attempt to kill it.

Ultimately when they enter a host they are screening the environment and continually experimenting with genetic alterations in order to find a form that will give them the best chance of survival in that specific host. Talk about smart.

So we’ve talked about the bacteria aspect of Borrelia, mentioned the virus like characteristics but Borrelia should more so be thought of as parasite. They are highly intelligent organisms, but they rely on the host for nutrients when they are in their active state. They can’t survive on their own.


Stage 1 – Initial Infection

  • First 2 – 3 weeks of initial infection ​
  • Best chance of successful antibiotic treatments​

Within this time frame you have a very good chance of treating and killing the bacteria with antibiotics. If you develop a Bullseye rash there is no need for testing, the rash is a 100% confirmation of Lyme, you need to be treated!

Two- thirds of people never find a Bullseye rash, and still others present with different types of rashes. 

Most people never even find a tick (like me)! 

Stage 2 – Chronic Infection

  • 3 weeks and beyond after initial infection​
  • The longer you have the disease the harder it is to treat (but at any stage it is possible to cure!)​

Chronic Lyme means that the person still has active Lyme organisms in them , but have gone untreated, or unsuccessfully treated for weeks, months or years.

This happens rather quickly, as the organisms waste no time multiplying, evading cytokine pathways, crossing blood-brain barriers and drilling into bones and muscles.

Post Lyme Disease Syndrome

For those who have successfully treated Lyme disease but still have symptoms. This occurs because of the damage the bacteria did to the collagen tissues, specially in the nervous system. The damage must be healed in order for symptoms to go away.


In some cases Lyme can trigger an autoimmune reaction. Once the organisms are successfully treated the body may continue to attack similar organic structures in your body. Focusing on rebuilding the immune system and receiving Bioenergetic treatments will solve this problem!


Lyme disease is very often misdiagnosed and misunderstood. If you understand how the organism works, Lyme disease and its symptoms will make much more sense, and will not seem so scary! Here are 4 points about symptoms you need to know:

  1. Lyme are parasites: They can not make enough of the nutrients they need for themselves so they must get them from us. Their food supply is our collagen-like tissue, wherever they feed on these tissues is where symptoms occur. If you experience arthritis, they are feeding on the joints, if you have neurological symptoms they are feeding on the brain or nervous symptoms, and so on.
  2. Lyme looks different in everyone: the bacteria attack the individual weaknesses of a specific host (person); creating unique symptom pictures in everyone!
  3. Lyme disease is systemic: there is no place in the body that the organisms cannot get to. Meaning, symptom possibilities and side effects are virtually endless.
  4. Symptoms will change and come and go. The organisms will continually adapt and move throughout the body in order to survive.

For all three of these reasons Lyme is very hard to diagnose and treat, and is far too often misdiagnosed!

One of the world’s leading Lyme disease specialists and associate professor of applied Neurobiology Dr. Deitrich Klinghardt MD PhD states…

“We have never had in the last five years a single Multiple Sclerosis, ALS (Motor neurone disease) or Parkinson’s patient who did not test positive for Borrelia Burgdorferi. Not a single one.”

Dr. Klinghardt

A local Functional Neurologists has said the same. In all the years of his practice every MS patient that comes through his doors has Lyme.

To read more about the truth of Lyme and MS check out this article!

Acute Lyme Symptoms

Active Lyme disease often first presents itself with flu-like symptoms. This may occur, days, months, weeks, or years after the disease is transmitted to you since the bacteria can lay dormant in your body for a long time. When it does come out, the majority of people experience a flu or cold, that they never seem to recover from.

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Common Chronic Lyme Disease Symptoms

  • Fatigue (79%)
  • Joint Pain (70%)
  • Muscle Pain (69%)
  • Sleep Issues (66%)
  • Headaches (50%)
Cognitive/ Neurologic
  • Memory loss (short or long term)
  • Confusion, difficulty thinking
  • loss of words
  • Going to the wrong place
  • Speech difficulty
  • Difficulty reading
  • Tremors or shaking
  • Pressure in head
  • Brain fog
  • numbness, tingling, pinpricks
  • Poor balance
  • Light headedness/ wooziness
Upper body
  • Unexplained hair loss
  • Facial paralysis (Bell’s Palsy, Horner’s syndrome)
  • Dental common (must be addressed before you can heal from ANY illness)
  • Jaw pain or stiffness
  • Sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, runny nose
  • Endocarditis
  • Heart blockage
  • Heart palpitations or extra beats
  • Chest pain 
  • Shortness of breath (Babesia causes “air hunger”)
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Non-Hodgkin’s (mantle cell) lymphoma
  • Multiple organ failure 
  • Lupus like disorders
  • Organ problem/ failure
  • Neuropathy (61%)
  • Heart related (31%)
  • Cognitive (66%)
  • Depression (62%)
Ears & Eyes
  • Double or blury vision
  • Increased floating spots
  • Pain in or around eyes
  • Oversensitivity to light
  • Flashing lights, phantom images in corner of eyes
  • Buzzing or ringing in ears
  • Decreased hearing
  • Oversensitivity to sound
General health
  • Phantom smells or sensations
  • Swollen glands and lymph nodes
  • Unexplained fevers
  • Continual infections
  • Early on flu-like symptoms which you never recover from
  • Low body temp.
  • Allergies or chemical sensitivities
  • Increased effect from alcohol
  • Muscle twitching


Transmission Time

Another dangerous misconception is that ticks have to be attached for up to 24 hours in order to transmit Lyme. 

Partially Fed Ticks: (Meaning they have already taken some blood from another host) can transmit Lyme disease in as quickly as 10 minutes. 

Unfed Ticks: Can transmit Borrelia bacteria within 8 to 16 hours.

Immediate Transmission: Nearly all ticks have some Borrelia spirochetes in their salivary glands (some ticks and tick species more than others). If Borrelia is present in the salivary glands, transmission of the bacterium occurs upon tick attachment. 

Coinfections: Ticks infected with co-infections (other transmissible bacteria) are the norm, not the exception. 97% of people with Lyme have co-infections. Ticks carrying co-infections have much faster transmission times. 

Immune System: Transmission time is faster is you have a weaker or compromised immune system, and slower if you have a stronger immune system. 

Myths & Facts

Fact: Ticks carry many different diseases

When it comes to ticks, Lyme is only a tiny part of the story. Deer ticks alone can carry up to 237 types of microorganisms that are infectious to vertebrates. If the tick doesn’t have Lyme it is likely carrying another infectious disease. 

Myth: Only hard ticks transmit Lyme

Soft ticks absolutely carry Lyme, and their transmission time is actually faster than hard ticks. All types of ticks carry diseases. 

 Myth: You get sick right after transmission

Lyme can lay dormant in the body for weeks, months or years. The bacteria will wait for an ideal time to become active and cause symptoms. This occurs after some sort of trauma when the immune or nervous system is down. The trauma could be physical or emotional.

 Myth: Humans Can’t transmit Lyme

Humans can transmit Lyme and coinfections sexually or through pregnancy to their children. One of the most common spots Lyme migrates to is the mouth so there are many that report Lyme is even transmittable via kissing.

Lyme Disease Forms

Testing For Lyme Disease

The False Negative epidemic. Why are laboratory tests in Canada and the U.S unreliable? 

The common, two-tiered system, is made up of test #1 the ELISA and test #2 the Western Blot. They are indirect tests, meaning they do not directly test for the presence of Lyme species. Rather, they are measuring the body’s immune response to the presence of a disease-causing bacteria by measuring how many antibodies the immune system has produced in order to fight off the invading bacteria. 

Unreliable Testing

The two-tiered system is reported to be negative or non-diagnostic in 75% of the clinically confirmed cases of Lyme! The two-tiered system is highly unreliable and should not be used.

Lyme Disease unreliable testing

In the early stages of Lyme, the body may not have produced enough antibodies to detect on a test. One reason for this is because the saliva of a tick contains immune-suppressing compounds that delay or prevent the activation of the person’s immune response. Effectively preventing the body from being able to fight off the disease and create the needed antibodies.

This is just 1 of 7 major reasons the ELISA test cannot be trusted, please check out this page to read more about testing and explore the other 6 reasons!

Must Knows:

  • IgM Antibodies rise during the 3rd week, peak at week 4-6 then disappear after 8 weeks. So if you are tested after 8 weeks these antibodies won’t show up at all. ​
  • Appear between 6 weeks – 3 months, and may persist for years or decades after successful treatments, which may cause a false positive in a successfully treated person.​

The Right Lyme Disease Testing

1. Bioenergetics

Muscle testing from a trained Bioenergetics practitioner is one of the most accurate forms of testing. Not only do Bioenergetics practitioners know how to test but they are trained to balance the body to the organisms (if they are unbalanced) so the body can begin to recognize the pathogen as an invader and start removing them on its own! Learn more about Bioenergetics here!

2. IGeneX

If you’re looking for a blood test, the IGeneX labs out of California is your best bet as they are 90% accurate! Visit their website here to order a kit!

3. Resonance Testing

Again, if you are looking for reliable testing, this is it! Much like Bioenergetics the system uses the energy running through your meridians to pick up the presence of diseases. You can specifically test for coinfections or certain species of Lyme, not to mention parasites, heavy metals, vitamins, minerals… the list goes on. The results are shown immediately to you on the screen, and you can even see how much Lyme is is hiding in specific areas of the body.

How to remove a tick- Lyme Disease Basics

How To Remove A Tick

Check out my in depth Lyme disease page to read more about all of these topics and receive a free How To Remove A Tick print out.

Article Overview – Q&A

What is Lyme disease?

Lyme Disease (or Borreliosis) is a complicated disease, resulting in a cascade of symptoms, caused by the Borrelia bacteria. The organisms should be considered parasite as they rely on their host for nutrients, feeding mainly on collagenous tissues. They can pass through the blood brain barrier, they commonly feed off the nervous system and brain, and their screw like shape allows them to drill into bones, muscles and other tissue.

Lyme disease symptoms

Common Chronic Lyme disease symptoms are:
– Fatigue 76%
– Brain Fog 61%
– Muscle and joint pain 69 & 70%
– Neurological damage
– Psychological effects such as mood swings, anxiety, irritability etc.
– Organ damage
– Sleep issues 66%
– Poor memory
– Ringing in ears
– Pain, numbness or tingling in feet and hands
There are hundreds of possible symptoms and each person presents differently.

Acute Lyme disease symptoms:
Only 30% of people find the bulls-eye rash, others present with various different rashes or no rash at all. When the disease initially presents itself it often presents as a flu.
– Fever
– Fatigue
– Stiffness of joints and necks
– Pain and aching in joints and muscles
– Headache

What are the stages of Lyme disease

Stage 1: Initial infection
Occurs within the first 2-3 weeks of initial infection. A person has the best chance of getting rid of the disease with antibiotics during this stage.
Stage 2: Chronic infection
3 weeks and beyond after initial infection​. This stage occurs quickly as the organisms waste no time multiplying, evading cytokine pathways, crossing blood-brain barriers and drilling into bones and muscles. Chronic fatigue, brain fog, joint and muscle pain are the most common lasting symptoms.

Post Lyme disease syndrome:
Occurs in people who have successfully treated Lyme, yet symptoms occur because the damage the spirochetes did to collagen tissues (primarily in their nervous system) still need to be repaired.

Autoimmune Conditions: Spirochete damage to specific body tissues can in a small amount of people initiate an autoimmune-like process.

How is Lyme disease transmitted

All arthropods and mammals can carry and transmit Lyme disease, including humans to children through pregnancy and sexually to partners. Transmission can happen immediately and more often then not, occurs within less than 24 hours!

How Do I Test For Lyme Disease?

If you have a bull’s-eye rash there is no need for testing, you have Lyme. However only 30% of people find a bull’s-eye.

1. Bioenergetics
2. IGeneX
3. Resonance Testing

These three options are your most trustworthy options! I would highly recommend seeing a Bioenergetics practitioner for testing and treatments! The Canadian system has been labelled hazardous, and the ELISA specifically should not be relied upon.

Where can I get Lyme from?

All areas of the world are “endemic.” Do not miss a positive diagnosis because your doctor doesn’t believe you live or have travelled to an endemic region. There are different species of the Borrelia family that are more common in different ares of the world but they are everywhere.


  1. Aucott 2013
  2. Johnson 2014. Moderate to very sever symptoms

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